Besides skin cancer, the most common cancer in men is prostate cancer.
Prostate cancer is quite common for men in the United Kingdom and United States. This type of cancer targets the male’s prostate gland found between the bladder and the penis. The prostate gland is involved in sperm production.
Prostate cancer grows slowly, and most men might not be aware that they have the tumor. During the early stages of prostate cancer, it often is restricted to the prostate gland. For some men, the cancer is often confined to the prostate gland and patients can live with it for years without problems. Treatment is likely to be successful if the diagnosis shows that the cancer is only in the prostate gland.
Some men get prostate cancer while some don’t. It’s still unknown why this is the case. There are risk factors that make one susceptible to prostate cancer.
Being overweight can contribute to developing prostate cancer. It is important to observe your weight and eat a balanced diet. Consuming foods that have lycopene such as cooked tomatoes help to reduce the chances of you developing prostate cancer.
If you are from an African-Caribbean descent, you are at an increased risk. Your family background is another factor that can contribute to the chances of you getting prostate cancer. If any family member had this type of cancer, there’s a higher chance you will get prostate cancer. If you aren’t sure, you can go the family doctor and have your family’s genetic history examined.
Men over the age of 50 have a high chance of developing prostate cancer. There are a lot of things that can make you be in that percentile that gets prostate cancer.
There are no early signs that can warn you of prostate cancer. You can go and have an annual prostate cancer screening done once you hit age 50. A rectal exam followed up by prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test, are the best ways of testing if you have prostate cancer.
High levels of PSA indicate that you have prostate cancer, and it can test for an enlarged prostate. Sometimes men who have prostate cancer do not have high PSA levels.
Listed below are some of the symptoms of prostate cancer.
Discomfort in the pelvic area
Frequent trips to the washroom- this includes peeing more frequently at night
Taking a long time to finish peeing and having a weak urine flow
Straining to urinate once you get to the washroom
After the urine has stopped flowing, you feel your bladder isn’t empty
Treatment varies from person to the other, as not everyone is in the same stage of cancer. Techniques such as cryotherapy, exercise, and meditation help to treat prostate cancer.
One treatment technique is radiotherapy. Radiotherapy can be done in two ways.
External beam radiation is done for five days a week and continues for several weeks.
Brachytherapy involves placing rice-sized radioactive seeds in your prostate tissue. The seeds deliver radiation waves at a low rate for a long time, thus treating cancer internally.
Chemotherapy, which is the most common treatment that most cancer patients go through, is an option to consider. Drugs are administered to the patient in two ways, through a vein in your arm, or you take pills. Chemotherapy helps to kill rapidly growing cancer cells.
Cryotherapy, or cryosurgery or cryoablation, is an option that involves freezing your tissues to kill the cancer cells. Additionally, hormone therapy can reduce your body’s production of testosterone, which can contribute to the growth of the cancer cells.
Your urologist might opt to see how your cancer progresses before any form of treatment is done. This way, they will know whether to remove your prostate gland to prevent cancer from spreading or attempt another treatment approach.