A urinary tract infection, or UTI, is caused by bacteria that enter the urethra and proceed to the other parts of the urinary tract.
Bacteria can easily spread from the anal region to the urethra. Once the bacteria travel up the urinary tract, it’s difficult to get rid of without taking an antibiotic. Bacteria can also enter the urinary tract through sexual intercourse.
More women than men get UTIs because of the way that women wipe after using the restroom.
Women are also more prone to getting a UTI because the urethra is shorter than one in a male, which allows for bacteria to enter the urinary tract faster.
One of the first symptoms that you might experience if you have a UTI is pain while urinating. You might notice blood in the urine as well. A strong odor could come from your urine. This is often because of the bacteria that is present.
Additionally, there may be a sensation to urinate more often. When you urinate, there might not be a lot of fluid that comes out, which means that you will feel the urge to go to the restroom only a short time later. You might feel pain in the lower part of your stomach or in your lower back. If there is a severe infection, then a fever is not out of the ordinary. You might also experience a lack of energy.
Some people tend to get UTIs frequently. There is often no underlying cause as to why this occurs. A UTI might not respond to treatment, which causes the bacteria not to completely die off. People who have kidney stones or bladder infections often get recurring UTIs. Stronger antibiotics are usually given to treat the infection.
When you go to the doctor for a UTI, a urine sample will be needed. The sample will be examined to determine if there is an increase in white blood cells and if bacteria is present. Once a UTI has been diagnosed, the doctor will prescribe an antibiotic to take at home. If the infection has lingered for some time and has moved to the kidneys, then an antibiotic could be administered through an IV until it is under control. You will usually be given something to help control pain associated with a UTI.
When you begin taking the antibiotic and pain reliever, it’s normal to see a discoloration of your urine. Most of the time, the urine will turn orange. This is a sign that the medication is working. If you experience symptoms that last longer than about a week, it’s important to go back to the doctor to see if there is anything else going on with the urinary tract, bladder, or kidneys that would need further attention or if you need to begin a stronger dose of antibiotics.